Acoustics has to be included in the considerations when designing a building or structure. It has to be well-coordinated and planned to make sure that the sound does not end up distorted or has missing parts. In particular, the architectural design must be able to keep sound waves from overlapping to prevent sound distortion.
To put it simply, the perfect architectural acoustics relies heavily on how a structure is designed. This way, the audience in a music hall or theater, for example, can enjoy crystal-clear sounds and a great aural experience. Here are some tips to keep in mind when designing a space:
- Steer clear of barriers to sound. Any object that gets in the way of a sound wave is capable of blocking high-frequency sounds.
- Remove echoes if needed. Echoes are unpleasant and distract listeners from the original sound. When sound travels within 30 milliseconds of each other, it does not lead to echoes. However, when sound travels beyond that speed, then echoes will be heard.
- Be wary of sound reflections. On straight surfaces, sounds are reflected back into the central space. This can badly affect the clarity of sound.
- Consider getting distributed sound systems. Such a technology is ideal for listening areas that are out of the way. Because these sound systems run with an electronic delay, they help synchronize sounds.
- Use the right acoustical treatment. Make sure that your chosen treatment is made of a material that can absorb the right sound frequencies.
- Make sure that other systems in the building do not obstruct good acoustics. Your noise control efforts will amount to nothing if, for instance, the building’s air-conditioning system produces a loud noise.
These are the six basic tips to observe when designing a building for architectural acoustics. The key to great acoustics is a well-thought-out design.